Garrett Heritage

When Caterpillar needed a turbo developed for its D9 tractor in 1953, it didn’t call an automotive supplier — it called the Garrett Corporation.
Landmark Vehicles in Turbo History
The Caterpillar D9 crawler tractor, fitted with Honeywell’s Garrett T15 - becomes America’s first turbocharged vehicle - marking the beginning of the turbo era for the automotive industry.
Landmark Vehicles in Turbo History
The Oldsmobile Jetfire Turbo Rocket is the world's first turbocharged production car, with its 3.5 liter, V8 engine boosted by Honeywell's Garrett T5 turbo, with integrated wastegate.
Landmark Vehicles in Turbo History
John Deere selects Honeywell's Garrett T04 to boost its farm tractors - soon the entire tractor industry follows suit.
Landmark Vehicles in Turbo History
The performance of the Honeywell-boosted Mercedes 300TD plays a significant role in winning consumer confidence in turbo as a technology for the future.
Landmark Vehicles in Turbo History
The Saab 99 Turbo, with Honeywell's Garrett T3 turbocharger, ushers in a new dimension in motoring, bringing the advantages of engine boosting technology to a mainstream audience.
Landmark Vehicles in Turbo History
The famous Renault 5 acquires cult status with the arrival of the turbo model, heralding the broad adoption of gasoline turbocharged engines at Renault.
Landmark Vehicles in Turbo History
Peugeot launches the 604 diesel turbo, driving the broad adoption of diesel turbo engines by a major diesel technology pioneer.
Landmark Vehicles in Turbo History
With fuel economy a growing concern in the US, Pontiac turns to turbocharging for its Trans Am, selecting Honeywell's Garrett T3 to boost the V8 engine.
Landmark Vehicles in Turbo History
The introduction of the limited edition Buick Regal Grand National GNX represents the height of Grand National performance, thanks in part to Honeywell's Garrett T03 wastegate turbo with ceramic impeller and a more efficient air-to-air intercooler.
Landmark Vehicles in Turbo History
The intercooled Chrysler Dodge Daytona Shelby Turbo-Z is the first car to utilize Garrett®'s VNT™ turbocharger with electronic boost control.
Landmark Vehicles in Turbo History
The Fiat Croma matches direct diesel injection with an entirely new concept in automotive turbocharging - Honeywell's variable geometry turbine (VGT) - and creates the industry benchmark.
Landmark Vehicles in Turbo History
Nissan launches Honeywell's first Garrett ball bearing turbocharger on the Silvia S14 2.0L engine, delivering durability and improved response both on this model and on the later S15. Ball bearing technology is also applied later to performance flagship vehicles, including the Nissan Skyline GTR.
Landmark Vehicles in Turbo History
The VNT™ Multivane™ is developed for the Volkswagen-Audi 1.9-liter direct injection diesel engine. This engine configuration revolutionizes the TDI reputation.
Landmark Vehicles in Turbo History
BMW incorporates Honeywell's Garrett® REA technology in its diesel turbo V8 engine for the 7 Series.
Landmark Vehicles in Turbo History
The NABI bus is powered by the Detroit Diesel Corporation (DDC) Series 50 engine, featuring Honeywell's Garrett GT40V double axle VNT, specially designed for heavy-duty diesel applications to optimize emissions control and fuel efficiency.
Landmark Vehicles in Turbo History
International selects Honeywell AVNT turbo technology, with a self-contained actuation system, for the Ford F250 and F350 super duty trucks equipped with Power Stroke diesel engines.
Landmark Vehicles in Turbo History
Honeywell’s TwoStage series turbocharging boosts Caterpillar’s Advanced Combustion Emissions Reduction Technology (ACERT) engine - a systems approach to reducing NOx and particulate matter that is installed in numerous trucks, including Kenworth.
Landmark Vehicles in Turbo History
BMW's 1 Series sets new standards in delivering more power, more torque, higher maximum speed, greater acceleration and better fuel economy, thanks to Honeywell's third generation VNT, which delivers 130% of second generation VNT boost levels at just 90% of back pressure.
Landmark Vehicles in Turbo History
Honeywell unveils world first parallel sequential TwoStage turbo for diesel application. The new TwoStage turbo system makes its debut on the 4-cylinder engines of PSA group's Peugeot 407 and 607, and the Citroen C5 and C6.
Landmark Vehicles in Turbo History
Honeywell turbocharges the Mercedes E320 Bluetech, helping Mercedes to introduce clean diesels on the US market.
Landmark Vehicles in Turbo History
Honeywell Twin Turbos boosts the new BMW X6 groundbreaking 4.4l gasoline engine.
Landmark Vehicles in Turbo History
Honeywell boosts Ford's innovative EcoBoost engine on the Lincoln MKS - proving the viability of engine downsizing through turbocharging and heralding a new turbo era in the US.
Landmark Vehicles in Turbo History
Honeywell powers the BMW X-6 ActiveHybrid, the world’s first turbo gasoline-electric hybrid.
Landmark Vehicles in Turbo History
Honeywell Parallel Sequential TwoStage turbo technology boosts one of the most talked about cars of the year - the Jaguar XF, helping deliver exceptional performance with impressive fuel efficiency.
Landmark Vehicles in Turbo History
Honeywell’s latest VNT technology helps to boost the new Golf 1.6L to exceptional on-the-road performance with low CO2 output of 99g/km.
Landmark Vehicles in Turbo History
Honeywell turbocharges Chevrolet Cruze Eco 1.4L, the gasoline engine that delivers the best highway mileage of any gas engine in America.
Landmark Vehicles in Turbo History
Honeywell launches the world’s first ball bearing turbo designed for the premium diesel segment on Daimler’s new 3.0L V6 engine.
Landmark Vehicles in Turbo History
Honeywell turbocharges VW new Beetle 2.0L gasoline engine that delivers peak power of 211hp.

That original turbocharger proved such an enormous success that the following year Garrett launched its AiResearch Division, a business unit dedicated solely to the development and manufacture of turbos.

 

The rest as they say is history, so let’s take a short drive through a turbo timeline…

 

1960s: In 1962 Garrett® boosted the world’s first turbocharged production car – the Oldsmobile Jetfire Rocket – but the full impact of the technology was felt much more keenly in the commercial sector, when in 1965 John Deere turbocharged its 6.6 liter diesel tractor engine, heralding a turbo revolution in this market. In motorsports, the first Garrett turbocharged car to win the Indianapolis 500 crossed the winning line in 1968.

 

1970s: This was the decade when turbocharging started to go mainstream, with the launch of both the Saab 99 turbo and the first turbodiesel – the Mercedes 300TD – in 1977. Trucks too were eager to exploit the power gains available through turbocharging, while on the racetrack, Renault recorded the first turbocharged victory in the 24 Hours of Le Mans.

 

1980s: Manufacturers, including Pontiac, Buick, Rolls Royce, Ford and many more, lined up to launch turbocharged models, including the iconic 1.6 liter VW Golf TD. The world’s first VNT™ (Variable Nozzle Turbine) production turbo is adopted by Nissan for its 12.6 liter heavy-duty trucks.

 

1990s: This was a history-making decade for turbocharging. In 1991, Garrett (later part of Honeywell) launched VNT™ technology, which made it easier to deploy the torque and fuel economy advantages of direct injection diesel engines, including the world-famous VW Golf TDI (1995). By the end of the 1990s, around 50% of all passenger cars in Europe were turbodiesels.

 

truck2000s: With the turn of the century, turbo technology made further inroads into commercial vehicles, with the new Double Axle VNT™ selected for the DDC Series 50 bus engine and Caterpillar adopting two-stage technology for its ACERT system. In passenger cars, third-generation VNT™ debuted on the BMW 1 Series in 2004, while in 2006, Honeywell launched the world’s first diesel parallel sequential dual stage turbo on the Peugeot 407 and 607 and the Citroen C5 and C6. Then came Honeywell’s revolutionary DualBoost technology on the new Ford Power Stroke Engine for its Super Duty trucks, featuring two compressor wheels in a single housing.